Key difference between stock and Forex trading industry

What is the stock market?

A stock market is a market where investors buy and sell various stocks of companies through exchanges, which are the ones that set the price for individual stocks. There are many inter-connected participants in stock markets. Trading involves several participants, namely buyers, sellers, brokers/dealers who may be individuals or legal entities etc.

What is the Forex trading industry?

On the other hand, the Forex trading industry is an open market where different currencies of countries worldwide are bought and sold against one another. The price of each currency is determined by demand and supply for these currencies, i.e., how much people wish to buy or sell each foreign currency at any given point in time.


It is why this industry is called “the” Foreign Exchange Market (Forex). Unlike stocks, which are only traded with a specific number of participants acting as buyers and sellers, currencies can be bought or sold by a much larger group of traders.

Difference in price set

In stocks, the price of an individual stock is set by demand and supply for that particular stock. In contrast, in the Forex market, the currency is exchanged at a specific rate determined based on supply and demand.


In addition to this, transnational corporations are involved in both industries that invest their excess money from one country to another, especially from developed countries to developing ones.


Still, they have different reasons for doing so. The former does it because they profit from this kind of business, while the latter does it because they need these funds for various development projects. Due to its features like ease of trading, high liquidity and minimal transaction charges, the Forex industry is growing exponentially.

Advantages and disadvantages

Stock trading and Forex trading have their advantages and disadvantages depending on the kind of investment you make. The former is suitable for those who like to invest in a particular company and earn dividends from it. In contrast, the latter is suited for people whose aim is to gain capital appreciation through buying and selling different foreign currencies.


Both industries have their drawbacks, which investors need to be aware of, such as stock market volatility and earning a limited amount of money via Forex trading etc. However, both markets share some common traits too, e.g., demand and supply play a vital role in determining prices, just like stocks depend on various factors such as earnings per share (EPS), price/earnings (P/E) ratio and price to book value (P/BV).

Common characteristics

Stock trading and Forex trading both have their pros and cons. Still, the former is more suitable for those who like to invest in a particular company and earn future returns. In contrast, the latter is best suited for those who want to earn capital appreciation by buying and selling currencies.


However, they both share some common characteristics too, e.g., supply and demand, play a vital role in determining prices, just like stocks depend on various factors such as EPS, P/E ratio and P/BV, etc.


Therefore, the critical difference between stock market trading and the forex industry is that the first one sets the price of individual shares based on demand and supply. In contrast, the latter one sets the currency’s price (exchange rate) based on the same.


Key Difference between Stock Market Trading and Forex Industry has been stated as under:

  1. In stock trading, prices are set by demand and supply for that particular stock, whereas forex market exchange rates are determined by overall supply and demand.
  2. Stocks have several inter-connected participants, including buyers, sellers, brokers/dealers etc. In contrast, a much larger group of people engaged in buying or selling currencies are carried out in foreign exchange market transactions.
  3. Transaction charges are high in stock trading, but it is low in the case of the forex trading industry.
  4. The former provides dividends to investors, whereas the latter provides capital appreciation through price fluctuations.
  5. Stock market is volatile, while the forex market lacks this feature.
  6. Earnings are limited in the case of Forex trading, but it is not the same with stock market trading.